Tag Archives: Films

5) How did you attract/address your audience?

13 Apr

The titles we used are affected in relation to our audience as we used basic colours and fonts just like in Jeepers Creepers (2001).  jeepers creepers

 We found the fonts and white colour to be very effective in our film as well as the red font for our main title, the white titles are over a woods background and the drawing that the little girl is doing which ties in with the rest of the opening to guide the audience into the film slowly which we found to be effective because it heightens the mysterious aspect that we wanted to achieve.

Drawing shot Woods shotThe Promise


Our choice of music that we used also plays a big part in attracting the audience as the music suggest how the audience are supposed to feel and it also builds up tension. We also used a light-hearted music clip at the beginning of our film opening which played over the titles in order to suggest that there is an innocent element to our film opening – being the little girl, Alice. This also gave a nice twist to using a creepy/scary sound to suggest the genre of the opening to the audience straight away, this effect can also be seen in Ghost Ship (2002).

Our white noise we used when the girl is about to get grabbed builds up the tension for the audience as they realise the girl has no escape, the sound we used could relate to the film The Poltergeist (1982) where the little girl speaks to ghosts through an old television set and the static sound was heard. This had a strong effect on the audience as it was shocking and a very disturbing noise that isn’t very pleasant to listen to and can make you feel uncomfortable which is the effect we were going for. We also used another melancholy music clip over the top of our whole opening to prevent complete silence which would have made the opening sound clashy when there was some diegetic sound, this clip also made our voiceover sound more subtle and made it sound a bit more like there was a story being told to the audience and them to understand what the film is about without giving too much away.


From having two lead females, this audience may attract dominantly female horror enthusiasts and teenage boys. This is because Alice is a young teenager and by having 15+ year olds watching our opening they may feel protective towards the character and they won’t want to watch her get hurt as she is young and vulnerable. It may be easier for our target audience to relate to the film by having a mother as a lead role as the other is protective of her child, like an other mother.


Our film was related to other films when it was screened by a few people as seen in our questionnaire result…

Other films

By filming in the woods and using the red coat, it gave the audience some idea what our film was about and related it to other films they have seen such as Twilight which uses a lot of woods shots within the films, Lovely Bones was also mentioned which is about the kidnapping of a young girl so the audience was able to identify what the storyline was about. Stardust was also another given example which has a fairy-tale element to the film which could be related to our film and Little Red Riding Hood was also another identified film which is what ours is based on!

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Our film is aimed at a mainstream British audience which can be seen from the low key locations used and the scale of how dramatic our film is. We made sure that we used a lot of different elements to make our opening seem more interesting such as the little girl drawing little red riding hood which add a strange twist to our opening.


This is England Film.

3 Nov

We looked at the film This is England in class in regards to the following questions;

– What is the director trying to achieve?
– What techniques does he use to achieve this?

We looked at the film starting 30 minutes in which was the party scene, by starting 30 minutes into the film we already knew who the characters were and where the whole film was set. This party scene shows to the audience how close all the characters are and how happy they are, the scene focuses mainly on Sean and it shows how his life is better and he is having a great time compared to the beginning of the film.

The part of the scene showing Sean and the girl can be seen as being uncomfortable and not right. However, the director is able to betray it in a certain tone. This is what makes the scene seem okay as they are both very sweet and Sean compliments her a lot. She keeps asking if he is alright which suggests that she does care about him.

The director chooses to edit the scene so it keeps going back to the party in the living room. This gives the context of the scene and it betrays the party to be in a ‘safe’ environment for the characters and the scene seems normal to the audience.

When there is a knock on the door from Banjo and Combo, this builds up an element of fear for the characters and the audience because they don’t know who it is. When Banjo enters the room with a knife it builds up tension for the scene but when Combo runs in, the scene feels more calm and safe as the characters recognise him. This part of the scene highlights how threatening it is physically for the characters and the audience as the audience doesn’t know who he is.

When Combo is telling the story, the audience realises his racist motivation and the audience don’t expect the story because they thought that the other characters knew who he was and he was one of them. The director doesn’t want the audience to be on Combos’ side when he is telling the story and this can be seen through the reaction of the other characters. All the characters seem to feel awkward and uncomfortable as Combo spoils the party completely and the seem to not be surprised that he has spoilt everything because they know what he is like.

Combo says that he hates bullies even though it is obvious to the audience already that he is a bully. The story he tells is unreasonable as his perspective of black people is very strong. Everyone else goes silent in  the scene as Combo tells the story like a monologue, then piano music starts which silences the scene and the melancholy music indicates to the audience the emotion they should feel and the characters are feeling.

The audience empathise with Milky and are on his side but they wouldn’t want to be in his position. He shows his disapproval by sarcastically answering Combo but Combo doesn’t seem to care and he isn’t apologising sincerely to Milky, he is only saying it for effect.

The war scene towards the end of the film shows the British army, but there are many races fighting for the country, which Combo makes a big fuss about other races but he isn’t brave enough himself to fight for the country. The first montage at the beginning of the film was all about good compared to this one which is about death. The way Combo is seen dragging Milky out the building is shown in the montage with the soldiers carrying other soldiers which suggests to the audience the waste of violence. The montage shows specifically the end of the war – Seans’ dad isn’t coming back and the war is seen as being pointless because of the suffering it caused. The flag in the little village shows the loss of life just for land. The loss is a lot greater than what they gained and the shivering cold Argentinian soldiers suggests how unfair the war was and could relate to Combo being stronger than Milky.

I found this film to be a big eye opener about the British Social Realism genre. I think that if I had seen this film before choosing our genre I would have chose to do the British Social Realism genre because the film is very inspiring to make a film opening with this genre. It has everything in it from a young kid who gets caught up in the wrong crowd, youths causing trouble, racism, drug use, alcoholism, friendships and other relationships and it really shows the lower class of Britain in a different light compared to other English films.

Insidious and A Tale of Two Sisters

30 Sep

From watching the opening of Insidious, I found there was a few of similarities between it and the clip from A Tale of Two Sisters. This being camera movements and angles, the soundtrack, editing and mise-en-scene.

For the camera movements I found that in the scene of Insidious where the boy is on the floor when he falls off the ladder, the camera does an over the shoulder shot to show the source of the noise that the boy can hear. It also tracks forward instead of zooms in to see the object more clearly. This is just like in the other movie as the woman hears the cupboards creaking and is looking towards the source in which the shot is taken from over her shoulder and it also tracks. Whenever something happens in Insidious there is always a reaction shot which shows the character that is involved their facial expression. This builds up tension for the audience just like in A Tale of Two Sisters when she is investigating the noise where the camera constantly shows a close up of the womans face to show the audience her reaction. Both movies use camera angles in order to show danger or power or even to give the audience the impression that the character is being watched. Such as in A Tale of Two Sisters when low camera angles are used like under the table to make the audience feel like she is being watched. In Insidious, a low angle camera is used as the man is walking down the stairs after he and his wife hear a noise, this also gives the impression of the characters being watched. Insidious also has high angles which give the audience a sense of danger and builds up tension such as when the woman hears someone on the baby monitor as she is looking up, the camera is looking down at her.

The soundtrack first both movies is fairly quiet, this way the director is able to build up tension for the audience more and when something happens, a loud noise makes the audience scared as they are used to silence. The very sudden and abrupt noises that the characters are able to hear in the scenes are amplified in order to have an effect on the audience.

In order to make the scenes feel more realistic, the directors have chosen to make the camera shots long so the scene is more continuous and flows better. However, when something happens, fast paced editing is used in order to build up the tension in the scene for the audience and the shots tend to be on for a short amount of time until it goes to the next shot. When the fast paced editing is used, the directors have chosen to have a reaction shot in every other shot so the audience feel more involved and empathise with the character.

For mise-en-scene, both movies have shadowy, dim light in order to make the audience feel tense as they are unable to see everything in the scene which makes them think that something is hiding in the shadows. Both colour palletes are fairly dark with certain objects contrasting to the rest in the scene to make them stand out. All characters wear normal, everyday clothes to make the movie feel more realistic and make the audience feel more scared as the characters look like everyday people experiencing some bad happenings.

Just like The Sixth Sense, these films have also inspired me to make a thriller film opening so I have decided to definitely do a thriller film opening. I liked the idea of using a child as one of the main characters in Insidious as children are associated with being innocent so from having a child as a main character will have an impact on the audience.

Shot List – A Tale of Two Sisters

28 Sep

So we looked at the ‘Under the Sink’ scene in a Tale of Two Sisters again but this time we looked at the camera shots. A few of the shots we came across were…

  • Establishing shot
  • Wide shot
  • Close up/Reaction shot
  • Handheld
  • Extreme close up
  • Mid shot

As the scene starts, the director chooses to use an establishing shot in order to be everything into context. This shot lingers for a while to show the relationship between the two characters, the audience are able to see that there is no warmth between their body language. The man leaves the shot and it shows to the audience that the woman is the focus of the scene and she is also placed in the center throughout the shot. After the man has left, the shot lingers on for a bit which indicates to the audience that he is gone and isn’t coming back.

The next shot is a mid shot which shows the womans’ face and lets the audience focus in on her and notice her emotions and familiarise themselves with the characters’ features. However, the audience are still able to see the environment she is in as well as her face. The low angle in which the camera is positioned for this shot gives the audience the impression that someone is hiding from her and she is being watched. The way that her hair is covering most of her face so the audience is unable to connect with the character and it makes her seem mysterious. The creaking sound off camera tells the audience where the noise is from and builds up the scene.

The next shot is an over the shoulder shot and it aims to show the audience what she is looking over at, what she’s doing and the direction she is looking. The camera starts tracking as it moves closer behind her this makes the subject of the shot get bigger yet it still shows the background which gives a different effect to a zoom. This makes the audience focus where she is focusing on and as the cupboard doors open the audience can see the womans’ reaction so they see both things at the same time, this reduces the number of edits so the scene flows easier and builds up tension.

Another mid shot shows the characters’ reaction to what has happened and it helps the audience build up empathy with the character. Then a handheld shot follows her as she moves to the source of the noise, the camera is shaky which makes the audience feel more involved and it makes the scene seem more realistic.

It then cuts to the cupboards, with the camera showing a close up of them, this is the first time the audience see the source in detail. It is an ordinary everyday household item which makes the audience feel more reassured and release tension. The woman walks into the frame and looks relieved when there is nothing there.

There is then a close up showing the characters reaction being relieved which makes the audience feel less tense.

There is then a close up on a particular bit on the floor which is quick.

Then it shows a close up of the woman again looking less concerned using a handheld camera – the director keeps us focused on her. The camera is then placed in a strange place, at ground level under the cupboard which gives the audience a sense of someone watching her again. The woman is showed moving into the shot again and in the background the audience can see the table and empty chairs. As she enters the frame fully, the background is completely hidden. The camera shows the fear in her face and as she moves out of the frame and the audience can see the background again and the ghost girl sat in the chair takes the audience by surprise and makes them feel uneasy.

A mid shot shows the relief of the woman but as her eyes move, it builds up her awareness that she isn’t alone. The camera moves towards her again and focuses on the fear on her face as she looks at where the danger is coming from.

An establishing shows the table and chair again, however, the ghost girl isn’t there anymore.

The camera is then placed at another unusual place under the table which acts as a wide shot as we see the womans’ whole body and her reaction.

A mid shot shows her attention is diverted and realisation on her face that she isn’t alone.

A close up shows a hair clip on the particular bit of floor from a previous shot which makes the other shot make sense to the audience.

A mid shot shows her reaction as being suspicious and concentration. The handheld camera moves down her arm as she picks up the hair clip and makes the audience focus completely. Compared to the rest of the scene, the hand moves out from under the cupboard very quickly and grabs her arm. This change of pace of the scene makes the audience scared.

A close up then shows her reaction to being grabbed and makes the audience empathise with her.

A close up then shows the clip being dropped, this is the object which caused the arm to grab her as if the woman had hold of the ghosts’ possession. This makes the audience link the hair clip to what is happening in the scene.

There is then another reaction shot then followed by an over the shoulder shot in which the camera moves back allowing the ghost girl to come into frame. It then finishes with an extreme close up of the fear in the womans’ eyes.

Here is the clip, the scene we did starts at 5:52 onwards.

Mise-en-scene – A Tale of Two Sisters

21 Sep

Today, we watched a clip in class from the 2004 movie ‘A Tale of Two Sisters’. We had to look specifically at the mise-en-scene in this clip instead of all aspects such as editing, camerawork or soundtrack. The definition of mise-en-scene is; the arrangement of scenery and properties to represent the place where a play or movie is enacted. The key things that make up mise-en-scene is;

  • Lighting
  • Colour palette
  • Locations/Settings
  • Props
  • Costume
  • Characters
  • Dialogue

For the lighting in this clip it was very dim and shadowy which makes the audience feel uneasy as they are unable to see much of the setting and it automatically makes them expect that something or someone is there. The audience is also unable to see any details because of the shadows which gives the sense of fear of the unknown or perhaps an attack. From the lighting, the audience are also able to tell that the scene takes place at nighttime which adds to the fear.

The colour of the objects surrounding the two characters are deliberate in order to make certain objects stand out to the audience. Such as the red dress that the woman is wearing; this makes the audience focus on the woman as she stands out from the background.  The red dress could also symbolise her sexuality or danger. The ghost girl also stands out to the audience as she is in a green dress which also makes the audience focus in on her. The blue cupboards play a big part in this scene also as when the woman hears creaking, it comes from the cupboard. This is why the director has chosen to make the cupboards stand out in the scene also.

The scene is set in a kitchen/dining room which suggests to the audience that it is the characters’ home. This gives the audience a false sense of security as the setting would be familiar to the characters and they don’t suspect anything suspicious to happen. The room is very Westernised and old-fashioned considering that the film is set in Korea, this could suggest to the audience that the characters are fairly rich.

The main props in this clip is the blue cupboards, this is because it is an everyday household item. The director has chosen an everyday item in order for the audience to empathise with the character when the cupboards start creaking. Another point about the cupboards is that the audience can see themselves being put into that situation as it is a fairly normal scenario of being sat in a room on your own and hearing something creaking. Another prop is the hair clip that the woman starts to pick up from the floor, it can be seen as being a young girls’ hair clip as it is colourful and decorated. The audience focus in on it and when the hand comes out from under the cupboard to grab the womans’ arm it makes the audience frightened as they were only focusing on a fairly innocent object.

The man is dressed in dark clothes which makes the audience automatically focus on the woman in red as she stands out therefore she seems important to the audience in this clip. Her hair is covering half of her face and concealing her so the audience can barely see her. This makes the audience feel uneasy as they are unable to see her eyes. The director has made her hair a deliberate barrier  to the audience so they don’t feel as connected with her. The ghost girl can be seen in an old-fashioned, fairly big dress when sat on the chair, this could suggest to the audience how long the girl has been dead.

The man and the woman appear to be married, however, there is a coldness between the characters which relates to the colour palette of the scene. The body language shown between the two characters isn’t caring or loving and the woman appears to feel isolated. The man looks a bit older than the woman who may suggest to the audience that he may be quite controlling over her. The girl also appears to be isolated as when we briefly see her, her hair is hiding her face.

There is only a short sentence of dialogue in this clip, this being when the man tells the woman to “Go to bed.” However, she ignores him and just stays sitting there. This can relate to the relationship between the two characters which gives the audience a clear impression that they aren’t that close.

In relation to all of these aspects of of the clip there are certain parts of the clip that I would like our film opening to relate to and others that I want our opening to contrast to. The lighting of the clip is very dark and shadowy but with our opening, we want ours to be fairly bright and clear which impacts the audience in the same way because they don’t expect bad things to happen in broad daylight so it will be a shock to them. The colour palette would have many soft colours in our opening to make the opening seem subtle but we will have a few bolder colours that will catch the audiences’ attention so they will be drawn in to more specific items and/or characters. I think it is a good idea to use a house as a filming location as it is an everyday place and it will have a big impact on the audience because they will feel like the situation could happen to them. The props are basic, everyday items such as the hair clip and I think this is a good idea as it is an everyday item so it made the horror more realistic. Costume was also very simplistic again, making the film feel very realistic making the audience feel more involved. For the costume in my film opening, I would have the characters wear normal everyday clothes due to making our film opening feel more realistic to our audience. The characters in our opening will probably be different to those in this film opening as they appear to have a very bad relationship between them, therefore isolating themselves from each other whereas if we used characters with a close relationship, because if something happened to one of the characters it would make our opening more dramatic. Our dialogue will be minimal so the opening doesn’t give too much away like the clip from this film.

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